Medical screenings are a vital resource to your health. When you carry a higher genetic risk, you need to be screened sooner than average, however, there are age-markers that we look to when doing routine medical screenings. Do you know what age you should be to have these milestone tests? We aim to demystify testing so that you’re prepared.

Cholesterol Screening

The American Heart Association recommends that anyone over the age of 20 have a fasting lipid profile every few years. If abnormalities are found, these tests will be conducted more frequently. High cholesterol results are important to watch and should be followed throughout your life. Additional risk factors that should be monitored included a family history of heart disease, smoking, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, dietary issues, low physical activity levels, and pre-existing conditions that cause systemic inflammation.


Diabetes is the 7th leading cause of death in the United States. The American Diabetes Association recommends that everyone over the age of 45 is screened for diabetes. However, if you present with other risk factors such as obesity, family history, or pregnancy, you should be screened sooner. Results should be repeated in the general population every three years, and anyone who is prediabetic should be tested annually. 

High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure is common, occurring in roughly half the US adult population, however, it carries many risks, such as stroke, and should be screened regularly at medical appointments. Additional risk factors include ethnicity, family history, obesity, smoking, alcohol consumption, and age. The American Academy of Family Physicians recommends that adults aged 18 to 39 be screened roughly every four years. Adults over the age of 40 should be screened annually. 

Breast Cancer

The American College of Physicians recommends that women be offered the option to begin mammograms after their 40th birthday. By the time a woman is 50, mammogram screening should be part of routine health exams, with women over 45 having a mammogram every year.

Cervical Cancer

Screening for cervical cancer is done through Pap smear and HPV testing every 2-3 years. These tests can show warning signs that can lead to cervical cancer in the future, and shouldn’t be skipped. Most deaths by cervical cancer can be avoided through regular screening and should be considered an invaluable tool in mitigating risk.

Colon Cancer

The U.S. Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that adults age 45 to 75 be screened for colorectal cancer every five years. 

Prostate Cancer

Screenings for prostate cancer begin are recommended for men age 55 and above, however, if someone in your family has a history of prostate cancer, testing should begin as early as 40, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine. Risk increases when men reach 55-69 years old, and screenings should be conducted every few years. 

Screenings Save Lives

Medical screenings are essential and save lives. Mahajan Therapeutics Primary Care can help you receive the testing you need when you need it. Call us today to schedule an appointment. We’re ready to address your concerns and ensure that you stay healthy!

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